Citizen Legal Action
Measures the number of federal, provincial and territorial jurisdictions with at least one mechanism for citizens to drive enforcement of a water-related law.

Getting data to report on this impact measure is a work in progress. This shared measurement system belongs to all members of the Our Living Water Network, so if you have any data or ideas to share with us on this measure, please send us an email at info@ourlivingwaters.ca.

Overview

Ensuring that citizens have the opportunity to participate in, and challenge, water decisions while being able to ensure laws are implemented is a foundation of a healthy democracy.

Private prosecutions enable individual citizens to initiate legal action where a law is believed to have been broken. Private prosecutions, however, only exist where allowed under legislation. For example, the Northwest Territories has provided for private prosecutions under the Environmental Rights Act. Additionally, every province that has assumed authority of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (under part 9 of the act) would also have a process for a citizen suit: a lawsuit brought forward by a private citizen.

A more detailed analysis of this measure is necessary to assess the degree to which citizen suit processes are enabled across Canada, in addition to understanding how readily they are utilized.

5-Year target: to establish baseline and assess the degree to which mechanisms are being utilized.

Last updated November 2017

Note: The data presented here represents our best research given the time and resources at hand. We acknowledge there may be errors. This shared measurement system belongs to all members of the Our Living Water Network, so if you have any corrections for us, or ideas to share on this measure, please send us an email at info@ourlivingwaters.ca.

Citizen Legal Action|Measures the number of federal, provincial and territorial jurisdictions with at least one mechanism for citizens to drive enforcement of a water-related law.
Citizen Legal Action|Measures the number of federal, provincial and territorial jurisdictions with at least one mechanism for citizens to drive enforcement of a water-related law.
Imagine a Canada where all waters are in good health: