It’s important to be transparent that this Shared Measurement System was designed from a non-Indigenous worldview and we recognize that Indigenous ways of knowing are absent from it. For more information on this positioning, see our Right Relations page.
Getting data to report on this impact measure is a work in progress. This shared measurement system belongs to all members of the Our Living Water Network, so if you have any data or ideas to share with us on this measure, please send us an email at [email protected].
Watershed governance refers to the the ways in which decisions are made and upheld within a watershed, which informs how well our water is managed. Whereas the Watershed Governance impact measure identifies mechanisms to support watershed governance within the 25 major watersheds of Canada, this impact measure examines the extent to which watershed entities are present within the 167 sub-watersheds of Canada including the presence of a watershed plan.
A watershed entity may take many forms. Important to this measure is the presence of an identifiable, multi-partner, watershed-based organization. This means that it has an institutional form, holds meetings, and is tangible. Below, more details are given on the ideal characteristics for a viable and effective watershed entity.
An identifiable watershed plan is also important to guide watershed entities and their decisions. According to the Fraser Basin Council’s guide to watershed planning, a watershed plan is a strategy that assesses the state of a watershed and presents detailed management information in terms of analyses, actions, participants and resources required for developing and implementing the plan. Ecosystems-based planning builds on this by advancing an approach that considers the full range of activities and interactions within a watershed, rather than focusing on isolated issues or species.
Our initial desktop scan (conducted January, 2019)
To gain baseline data for this impact measures, we conducted a desktop scan of Canada's 167 sub-watersheds searching for the existence of a watershed entity and a watershed plan.
The detailed results of this desktop scan can be seen in this Google Sheet.
Please note, there are a number of limitations to acknowledge from this research:
- There are many types of 'watershed entity' across Canada that fall across a continuum from formalized, to semi-formal, to voluntary and advocacy based. In order for us to 'count' a watershed, we gave preference towards entities on the formal to semi-formal side of the continuum, but recognize that not all may agree with each decision we made. Entities which we included and 'counted', and those we did not 'count' was certainly more of an art than a science.
- The scope of issues which a 'watershed entity' focuses on also differs. Some focus on many issues, including water. Some focus only on water, but not all aspects of water management. Some are established through a legislative framework, whereas others are more informal. In conclusion, it would not be accurate to claim that any one watershed entity we included in this scan is the same as another. They are as necessarily diverse as the watersheds they exist within.
- We used the same 167 sub-watersheds as WWF Canada does in their Watershed Reports for our scan. However, most watershed entities that we included focus on a watershed boundary that is either larger or smaller than how they are defined by these 167.
- If we found a watershed plan, we included it in our analysis. Inclusion does not indicate how qualitatively 'good' the plan is; such as, the extent to which that plan is ecosystem-based, how well it is being implemented or how likely it is to result in sustainable outcomes.
- Canada is a large country, and conducting a desktop assessment into all 167 sub-watersheds is likely to contain errors, missed watershed entities, and missed watershed plans. As always, if you see any errors or omissions, please let us know through email ([email protected])
5-Year target: To assess subwatersheds for the presence of viable and effective watershed entities; that is, a qualitative assessment of the watershed entities and plans that exist, not just whether they exist.
Last updated March, 2019